Archive for March, 2016

My Prediction: Kasich-Rubio


All the talk is about Cruz and Trump these days, but I don’t see either of them getting the Republican nomination.  Trump seems to be imploding.  He’s falling in the polls and his reality TV like gig is starting to wear on the American people.   Unless he mounts some kind of come back, he is looking less and less likely to go into the GOP convention with enough delegates to win the nomination.

Ted Cruz may be the “main challenger” to Trump now, but he’d need to win 80% of remaining delegates to come to the convention with the nomination in hand.  He is not going to do that.   And while he will claim he is the “top alternative” to Trump, he doesn’t have a strong argument.  After all, if it’s OK to deny the guy with the most delegates the nomination, it’s certainly just as legitimate to deny the nomination to the number two guy!

More important, Cruz has strong negatives against him.  First, the GOP establishment (i.e., almost all of the Senate) dislike him.  He is neither respected nor trusted.   Second, if Trump is denied the main role, there is a real danger that he’ll do and say things to try defeat the eventual nominee.  The Republicans will want to find a way to convince him to support the party.  One conditions is almost certain: the nominee can’t be Ted Cruz.  Trump has too much animosity towards him.  Indeed, Trump may be given the role of acting as the king maker, “voluntarily” removing himself from the running to endorse Kasich.  That way, he also saves face.

Why Kasich?  So far, except for very early in the campaign, Kasich has avoided engaging Trump directly.  He’s remained the adult –  and I’m betting the Republicans will find a way to get Trump to call on his delegates to support Kasich.  Revenge against Cruz might in part motivate such Trump graciousness.


It’s unclear how much truth there is to the rumors, but Cruz could also be facing a major sex scandal as the year goes on.

The case for Kasich will be stronger if he’s teamed with another major candidate – Marco Rubio.  Rubio may not have been ready for prime time in the Presidential ring, but he’s exactly the kind of Vice Presidential candidate someone Kasich would need.  Kasich is a midwest white Governor who is 64 years old.  A young hispanic Marco Rubio from Florida would be a perfect balance.

After all, what two states were the most consequential in the last four elections?  Yes – Ohio and Florida!

Such a ticket would have numerous advantages.  First, it could win.  Hillary is licking her chops eyeing both Trump and Cruz, two candidates with a track record that leaves them wide open for attack over past positions and statements.  Trump is, well, Trump.  Cruz is a bit creepy and not very likable.


A Republican dream ticket?

But what about the conservative base?   A few ardent Cruz supporters will be incensed that the establishment got their way, but Kasich is definitely a true conservative.  Yes, he’s pragmatic – that means he can deal with liberals and isn’t driven by ideological zeal.  But looking at his record over the years he is one of the more conservative politicians in the Republican party.   My bet is that a focus on his record will convince most who now would oppose Kasich to embrace him.   After all, once the heat of the campaign is underway their choice will be Kasich or Clinton (perhaps Sanders)!

Obviously this prediction seems a long shot.  Yet it seems increasingly unlikely that either Trump or Cruz will be the nominee — their constant exchange of insults belittle both of them.   Kasich is the best positioned to not only get the nomination but to win in November.

So that’s my March 30, 2016 prediction: Kasich-Rubio will emerge from the convention in Cleveland to represent the Republican party in November.


Clinton vs. Sanders: who will win?


If you read the pundits, there are two prevailing arguments: 1) Bernie can win, and it’s a conspiracy of big media and the Democratic establishment to say Hillary is inevitable; or 2) Hillary has math on her side, and it’s hard to deny math.

So who is right, does Sanders have a chance?  Rather than rely on abstract arguments, conspiracy theories or dueling pundits, let’s get into the numbers.

As of March 27, 2016 the official total is Clinton 1712 vs. Sanders 1004.  That includes super delegates however – leading Democratic officials who have a voice at the convention – and those people could change their mind.  So removing super delegates it’s 1243 – 975.   Needed to get the nomination: 2383.

The super delegates currently pledged to Clinton are not going to be swayed easily – but the strongest argument for them to switch would be if Sanders would get the majority of pledged delegates going into the convention, meaning that the super delegates, if they choose Clinton, would be defying the voters.  They would be loathe to do that.

Here are the up coming primaries/caucuses:

Tuesday April 5:  Wisconsin, 96 delegates

Saturday April 9: Wyoming caucus, 18 delegates

Tuesday April 19: New York, 291 delegates

Tuesday April 26, Connecticut 70, Delaware 31, Maryland 118Pennsylania 210, Rhode Island 33 delegates

Tuesday May 3, Indiana 32 delegates

Tuesday May 10, West Virginia 33 delegates

Tuesday May 17, Kentucky 61, Oregon 73 delegates

Saturday June 5 – Sunday June 5, Virgin Islands 12, Puerto Rico 67 delegates

Tuesday June 7: California 546, Montana 27, New Jersey 142, New Mexico 43, North Dakota caucus 23, South Dakota 25 delegates

Tuesday June 14: District of Columbia caucus 46 delegates 

Next, turning to the polls, the only recent polls that show Clinton with a large advantage are ones a bit over a week old from Pennsylvania and New York.  Those are delegate rich states, and Clinton has leads of nearly 30 points in each.   In Arizona, a state Clinton won by 16 points, she had a 26 point lead in a poll near the election.  So these polls have to be taken with a grain of salt – she also had a big lead in Michigan (27 and 17 points), a state she ended up losing!

<> on June 13, 2015 in New York City.

New York is key for Clinton – if Sanders makes it close there, all bets are off!

Given that volatility, it seems obvious that Sanders still has a chance.   I thought her sweep on March 15th was decisive, especially when she won Ohio, but Sanders has bounced back from those loses.

Still, Sanders’ strength has been in caucus states – and almost all the delegates to come are chosen in primaries.  Right now the odds still favor Hillary, but it’s like a team sitting on  a lead in the NCAA tournament – the longer you allow the other team to stay in the game, the greater the odds of an unexpected come back.

Sanders path to victory:  Sanders has the Millennials, generating levels of support from young people that go beyond what Obama accomplished in 2008.   He has to generate at least some of that enthusiasm from older voters and minorities, something he has yet to do with any consistency.  Assuming Sanders can win the Wyoming caucuses, Wisconsin is fundamental.   A Sanders victory in Wisconsin, especially a decisive one, will force the media and pundits to reassess their calculation that Clinton is all but inevitable.

If he wins in Wisconsin, he’ll have two weeks to campaign in New York state, riding 5 straight victories, 7 of the last 8.  If he can make New York close, denying Clinton the decisive victory everyone expects, then the race will be razor thin.   (If he wins New York, Clinton will suddenly look like Northern Iowa against Texas A&M).


Pardon the sports metaphor, but Texas A&M’s come back from being down 12 with a minute left against Northern Iowa is inspiration to underdogs everywhere!

If Clinton wins New York only narrowly, then we have another Super Tuesday on April 26th.  Of the states up that night, Pennsylvania and Maryland – two states which should be favorable to Clinton — will be center stage.  If Sanders wins CT, DL and RI, then he need only be close in those states.   A victory in either would be huge.

If Sanders does that – wins most states and holds Clinton close in NY, Penn and Maryland – then May will not be decisive, they’ll likely trade victories and the big showdown will be in California on June 7th.  If Sanders wins that – so late in the season – he’ll likely have the majority of delegates and the super delegates will be in exceedingly dangerous territory if they were to deny him the nomination.  Shorter version:  Sanders MUST win Wisconsin, and then fight close contests in states Clinton is expected to win.  If Sanders wins either New York or Pennsylvania, he becomes the favorite.  California may decide it.

Clinton’s path to victory:   Winning Wisconsin would be huge for Hillary – it would deflate the Sanders campaign and make it easier for her going into her home state contest in New York.  If she loses Wisconsin she has to win BIG in New York, and later Pennsylvania.  If she does that, the math should be on her side going into May.  Still, unless Sanders under performs the rest of the way it’s likely to be June before she would have the nomination in hand.

Bottom line:  This election is much closer than most people think, and closer than I expected it to be just a couple weeks ago.  The campaign matters and while Clinton remains the favorite, the fact she’s even in danger at this point underscores her problem.  She’s hasn’t convinced or inspired most Democrats yet.





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Democratic Schadenfreude premature


Hillary Clinton must be feeling very confident these days.  She has beaten back the Sanders insurgency and the Republican party is in full scale civil war as they grapple with the possibility of nominating Donald Trump as their Presidential candidate.  Indeed, conservatives are attacking other conservatives, there are calls to “blacklist” anyone who dares support Trump, and the Republican party is in complete disarray.   Once they touted a “deep and talented field.”  Now Trump’s main opposition is Ted Cruz, a man almost just as hated by the party elite.

Conventional wisdom says that this is all very good news for Hillary Clinton.   After all, the GOP is divided now – and may end up with a brokered convention or even riots.  Certainly that will dampen GOP enthusiasm in the fall, and one would expect the Democrats to be motivated to defeat Trump.

Still, while Democratic Schadenfreude – joy caused by the suffering of someone else – is understandable, it is premature.


Donald Trump may be a con man, he may be crude, he may even be destined for defeat, but it’s not like he is masterfully manipulating an otherwise satisfied public.  The reason Trump is so popular is that he tapped into something real – something that turned strong Republican candidates into losers, and which Hillary might find far harder to defeat than expected.

Starting in 1985 the phenomenon of globalization begun to shape the world economy.  A mix of technological advancement and economic deregulation allowed investors – global capital – to transcend borders.   Where once large corporations belonged to a country, now they had subsidiaries in many countries, with no true home.   If you bought a Toyota in 1980 it was likely made in Japan.   Now you’ll find it’s made in the US or Mexico.  Is a Ford made in Poland more American than a Nissan made in Tennessee?

Accompanying this was a proliferation of free trade agreements – NAFTA, the World Trade Organization, and others globally.  The European Union made European borders all but irrelevant with 19 states giving up control of their national currency in favor of the Euro.

AfD Demonstration

It’s not just Trump; in Germany similar Angst is causing the rise of a populist right wing movement, “Alternative fuer Deutschland”

For a long time the critics of globalization were on the left.  They disrupted the meetings of the G8, even causing riots against the WTO.   As the economy seemed moving onward and upward, with Walmart offering ever cheaper foreign goods, most people were content.   Those anti-globalization folk are simply anti-capitalist, and capitalism is working!


While offering radically different solutions, movements on the left and the right share a distrust of globalization.

Then in 2008 insane trading of over the counter derivative bonds fueled a housing bubble.  When the bubble burst the resulting crash of mortgage backed bonds yielded the worst economic collapse since the 1930s.  Wall Street used its political connections to fight off any serious regulatory attempts, and the market is near all time highs.

The middle class, however, did not recover after the collapse.  Instead, their standard of living, their job security, and prospects for the future are more in peril than ever.  The jobs that left as global capital raced to invest in places with low wage workers never came back.  Factories closed.  Mills closed.  And the service sector jobs that seemed to be replacing them – albeit at lower wages – dwindled after the collapse.   Many Americans see a future that looks bleaker than the past, and they don’t like it.


To be sure, this graph fudges a bit by using a narrow 45% to 55% range, but it’s still significant

Who to blame?   The foreigners first, of course.  Build a wall!  Win against China!  Don’t let Muslims in the country!  People often fear what is different so attacking foreigners or minorities at home works.   Second: attack the politicians as being in on the rigged game.   The politicians don’t do anything, they live in a gilded cage where they get a piece of the action and wink and nod at special interests even as they tell the public they’ll fix things.

Blaming foreigners/minorities is not fair.  Blaming politicians is.   Neither the Republicans nor the Democrats have realized how much anger is brewing.  Not all the anger is justified.  Some people are angry about demographic and cultural change and want the world to revert to what it was like when Reagan was President.  That’s not going to happen.  But economic insecurity is rational, and Trump is taping into that.

Therein likes the danger for Hillary.  Trump isn’t winning because he’s Trump, he’s winning because the conditions are right for someone with his style and tone.  Sanders challenged Hillary more powerfully than anyone imagined for the same reason – he speaks to the same concerns (albeit much more rationally).

Politics as usual was not enough for to beat Trump in the GOP primary.  It may not be enough for Hillary to beat Trump in the fall.   Both parties have to come to grips with the fact that globalization has restructured the national economy and is now provoking a populist uproar.   Trump is not the answer.   But it’s not at all clear that Hillary truly understands the problem.

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Some People Think it’s Real!


When Jerry Springer approached Donald Trump with his idea of a Republican primary reality show, Trump was intrigued.    His “Apprentice” show was getting stale, and the idea of a political reality show seemed brilliant – look at the popularity of “House of Cards.”  Moreover, the Republicans were willing to move their primaries back to April, recognizing the futility of a long campaign.   As GOP Chair Reince Priebus noted, “after the chaos of a reality show primary, people will be relieved to find out Mitt Romney is again our candidate.”

Unlike past reality shows, which aired only an hour or so a week, this would air on the main news channels.   CNN, FOX and MSNBC would start airing the show in the summer of 2015, and if the ratings were good they could increase coverage.   Not only did they do that, but Springer has been able sell rights to air the reality show to other TV stations.   By September virtually every major media outlet signed on, earning Springer hundreds of millions of dollars.


Not since Orson Wells fooled the country into thinking a Martian invasion was underway in the 1938 radio show “War of the Worlds” have so many people been fooled.

In recent weeks, however, the popularity of the show has been overshadowed by the fact that many people believe it IS reality – that Donald Trump is actually leading the Republican primary field ahead of a Joe McCarthyesque creepy Texan who Springer originally thought wouldn’t be realistic as a Presidential candidate.

Trump is amazed but enjoys the publicity.  “I love it,” he said.  “It makes me think I might run for real someday!”  Then he smiles.  “Just kidding.”   Trump studied footage of Benito Mussolini in order to play a “political boss.”   “My role is to be a bully, to attack and get reactions from the contestants.   Apparently I’m very believable.”

Ted Cruz, played by gay rights activist actor Laurent de Silva said that his role model was Joe McCarthy.  “What scares me when I’m out in public is how many people come up and agree with my character.  I tell them I’m gay and they get a shocked look and walk away.  Hilarious.” De Silva thinks the people fooled into thinking the show is real are ‘low information voters.’  “They just turn on the TV and assume whatever is on is the truth.”


De Silva, before getting his make up on to play the GOP candidate said, “I insisted the right wing character be named Cruz and use the catch phrase, ‘cruzin.’  I love irony.”

Jeb Bush, who played himself in a kind of cameo, said it was fun to be on stage.   “I enjoyed it, but certainly didn’t take it seriously.  They wanted me to stay on longer but I really had things I wanted to do.”

Former hip hop star Tyrone Three Chains said he loved playing Ben Carson.  “Man, a black brain surgeon who talks like he’s on Quaaludes and takes outlandish right wing positions one expects from stuck up white Jesus freaks – gotta love that role.   I honestly don’t think I fooled anyone, I mean, I was going for humor!”


Three Chains insists no one could take his portrayal of Carson seriously.

Many reporters covering the reality show are upset that they are fooling people into believing a farce.  “I’m a real news woman,” said Meagan Kelly of Fox.  “But the ratings are so good and they doubled my salary to play Trump’s nemesis so…it is a business first, after all.”

As the show nears its climax next week, we’re told to expect violent protests, renewed in fighting, a scandal and some scuffles with the media.  “It’ll be lots of fun,” insisted Springer, “with a few surprises.”


Bob Boulder, who landed the Rubio role on the strength of his performance in last year’s “Gilligan’s Island” remake, gets kudos for injecting ‘small hands’ into the conversation.

Trump, who has put his actual support behind the Bernie Sanders campaign, says that when the show is over he expects a lot of confusion from people who were fooled.  “I do reality shows good because I play myself.  Yes, I’m a con man.  We’ve done everything to go over the top with it, including parading products I don’t even sell any more – that were failures – and people eat it up.”  Trump shakes his head.   “It sort of scares me.”

Hillary Clinton, who is running in a real primary scoffs off the hype.   “More people are engaged in the reality show than real politics and that should worry us.  Still, Donald is a friend of mine and I’m hooked.  It’ll be disappointing next month when we have to deal with the real Republican campaign.”

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The Trouble With Hillary…


In November 2007 Time magazine had Hillary Clinton on the cover, proclaiming that she was the certain Democratic nominee.  She had the money, the endorsements, and it was her time.  Less than two months later Barack Obama surprised her with a win in Iowa and after a long hard fought primary he was destined to become the 44th President.

Fast forward eight years.   Again, Hillary appears to be riding high in 2015.  Most potential Democratic candidates chose not to take on the Clinton machine – Obama had been a fluke, they reasoned, a product of American unease after the Iraq war.    Only the obscure New England Social Democrat Bernie Sanders and bland Maryland Governor Martin O’Malley joined the race.   Sanders at 74 was seen as undertaking a quixotic journey, making a statement with a late career Presidential run with no chance of success.  O’Malley was positioning himself for the future.  It was Hillary’s to lose.

She hasn’t lost yet, and this time probably won’t.  Despite Sanders’ Michigan shock, the math and the map seem to favor Hillary.  Yet Democrats are uneasy; Hillary is not a strong candidate.


Sanders appeals especially to Millennials, inspiring them in a way Clinton can not – and therein lies her problem.

Hillary Clinton is seen as honest and trustworthy by only 37% of the population.  People are tired of her and the Clintons; it’s been 27 years since they entered the realm of Presidential politics.  For that entire time she’s been hammered by the Republicans, usually unfairly, but often effectively.

Right or wrong, she’s associated with Wall Street.  She was a New York Senator, after all, and any New York Senator, including presumptive Senate Democrat leader Charles Schumer, has to support Wall Street to some extent.  But Bill Clinton’s 1990s economy was built on a Wall Street bubble, and while she waxes poetic about how great things were during his term, most people realize that the economy was built on a house of cards, and we’re still recovering.

Moreover, even in the 1990s there were rumblings of discontent over NAFTA, globalization, and the shifting of wealth away from the working class to a smaller elite, what Sanders might call an oligarchy.  The same kind of populist Angst and anger over an economy that seems to be crunching the middle class that propels Trump also powers support for Sanders.


To many people, Hillary is old and out of touch

As Hillary said herself in this week’s debate, she’s not a natural politician.  To be blunt, she wouldn’t be where she is if her husband had not been President of the United States.  I’ve talked with more than one young female who thinks that alone makes her an inappropriate choice to be the first woman President.  But more to the point: she is more a policy wonk than a candidate.   She doesn’t have the ability her husband had to connect and inspire.

That doesn’t mean she’ll lose – Richard Nixon was never an inspirational figure, but he won.  Yet it should give the Democrats reason to worry.   The current discord among the GOP does give Clinton supporters hope – Hillary should be able to defeat Donald Trump, and a divided Republican party is likely to emerge in any event.  But Sanders has shown that she still has the weaknesses that doomed her 2008 candidacy.  It is becoming painfully obvious that both the Democrats and the Republicans need to retool their message.  As it stands in March 2016 there is unease in both parties, worried that their Presidential nominee, whoever they will be, may not be what is needed this time around.


The F-Word


Robert Reich, driven in part by the use of a Nazi looking salute at Trump rallies, has decided it is appropriate to use the “F-word” – fascist – to describe Trump.

Fascism as an ideology is little understood by most people.  It is unlike any other ideology in that fascism does not rest on the use of reason and rational thought, but instead relies on emotion.  Fascism does not go for the head, but for the gut.  It seeks to motivate people by creating “enemy images” of others.  It is anti-intellectual, anti-rational, and usually involves hero and leader worship as well as a strong sense of being part of a “movement” bigger than oneself.  It embraces a kind of collective empowerment that can be used to rationalize violence (e.g., roughing up reporters or protesters).

Fascism is not necessarily racist.  Because there are no core principles – just a will to power and appeal to emotion – there are no core beliefs and assumptions.   Socialism, capitalism, communism, libertarianism, and other ‘ideologies’ are reason-based, resting on assumptions and principles that yield a particular world view.  Fascism is considered “far right” because it evokes an irrational appeal to tradition, custom and nationalism.  Conservatism traditionally rests on a view of society as a kind of organic collective, held together by tradition and custom.  All ideologies of the left (as well as classical liberal views like capitalism and libertarianism) base themselves in reason.    But it is not conservative because it warps the customs and traditions it claims to defend.


Although both fascist, Mussolini did not share Hitler’s cold, ruthless racist militarism

In a real sense, fascism is anti-ideology.  This means fascists pick and choose how to defend their appeal.  Hitler was avowedly racist and militarist.  The Nazis felt that war shaped the national character and was necessary to keep a people or state vibrant.   But Francisco Franco of Spain did not.  Though a General, he stayed out of World War II and embraced a very conservative form of fascism that glorified the traditions of the Catholic Church.  Benito Mussolini joined the war, but he didn’t have his heart in militarism; he preferred the pomp and spectacle of grandiose Italian nationalism.

Latin American fascists like Juan Peron and Getulio Vargas used emotion to generate support for the people so they could stabilize society and get broad support for a scheme of elite power sharing and control — bread and circuses to keep the masses occupied while big government and big business ran the show.  They saw that as more effective than a messy, unstable democracy that could be co-opted by socialist and radical movements.

So what about Trump?    His movement contains aspects of fascism.  He appeals to emotion, has the macho tough guy image, and many of his fans are “followers” – people who want a leader and admire someone with raw, passionate power who goes after what he wants without regard for what others think.


Trump does what he does because it works – he knows how to play the media.

This appeal has been linked to the “authoritarian personality,” a kind of masochistic desire to yield oneself completely to the power of another in order to experience the thrill of total obedience – experiencing a sense of power and exhilaration through the act of submission.

But fascism so defined is not what most Americans think of when they use the “f-word.”  They think of concentration camps, the holocaust, war and racism.   They think of Hitler, and equate fascism with National Socialism.   Nazism was fascist, but fascism is not Nazism.  Fascism is what the leader makes of it.   Trump is not a Nazi.  He has not embraced militarism – quite the contrary, he’s the only Republican unabashedly critical of the Iraq war.  So-called neo-conservatives threaten to support Hillary if Trump is the GOP nominee because she seems more militarist than he does.

Trump certainly appeals to emotion, and disses the educated elite as being the equivalent of out of touch pansies, something that his crowds love.   Yet his message is reminiscent of Ross Perot – the US is suffering due to globalization as good jobs are outsourced and the elites get wealthier as the middle class declines.  Trump certainly has never questioned democracy.  In fact, he argues (much like Sanders) that Washington elite fear democracy and want to protect a kind of oligarchy.

Fascism connects the meaning of life with loyalty to the state and its leader.   For Mussolini Italy was to recapture the glory of Rome.  Trump is a nationalist, but his rhetoric does not suggest that people need to submit to the state and authority in order to have meaning in life.  Again, he’s addressing working class Angst over the way the global economy has threatened the American dream.

So is Trump a fascist?   His movement and rhetoric at times have attributes shared with fascism, but I ultimately answer the question with “no.”    Joesph Goebbels, propaganda leader for the National Socialists famously said that he learned everything he needed to know from Madison Avenue – the street in New York City home to the big advertising agencies.   The appeal to emotion is shared by marketers, and Frankfurt School theorists Adorno and Horkheimer even hinted that the emotion-driven emerging consumer society in the West had fascist attributes.


Trump is using similar tactics to market himself to the people, but his rhetoric and bravado borrows more from pro wrestling than Hitler.   It’s the choreographed show with trash talk and calculated political incorrectness designed to drive home the point he is not a traditional politician.  Yet at base I think Trump is simply marketing Trump, and is not motivated to try to reshape society into a fascist style system.   He wants attention, adoration, and respect – but isn’t planning a nefarious power grab.

So I’ll avoid the f-word in describing Trump, and stick to the “populist” label.

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No, it’s not a Snub!


The Drudge Report had near the top of its banner a line that Obama was snubbing Nancy Reagan’s funeral to attend a film festival.

Clicking the link to the story and one could find comments filled with rage.  Obama shows no respect!  Sending his wife instead of going himself is an insult!   What a horrible human Obama is!


Ronald Reagan did not attend Bess Truman’s funeral.  He sent Nancy.

President George W. Bush did not attend Ladybird Johnson’s funeral.  He sent Laura.  Barbara Bush was there too, but not George the Elder.

President Bill Clinton did not attend Patrica Nixon’s funeral.  He sent Vernon Jordan.

President Jimmy Carter did not attend Maimie Eisenhower’s funeral.

President Obama did not attend Betty Ford’s funeral.  He sent Michelle.

The only exception to this universal rule of Presidents NOT attending the funeral of a former first lady is when Bill Clinton attended Jackie Onasis’ funeral.  The reason?  He was invited to give a eulogy.

So if anyone tries to claim that the President is being disrespectful and petty for “skipping” the funeral for an event long planned, don’t get mad.  Media outlets like the Drudge Report like to whip people into an emotional frenzy, and getting ire up against Obama is a kind of sport as far as they’re concerned.

No, smile.  Say that you understand why they might have that reaction but luckily it’s not a snub, but actually tradition.  Inform them that even Ronald Reagan sent his wife to the funeral of a first lady.   Run down the list.

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